Trade Unions

Background information The largest Italian trade union, CGIL, originated in 1944 as the continuation of the pre-existing CGdL (Confederazione Generale del Lavoro); the UIL, the smallest of the three main trade unions, with a secular, democratic, and socialist background, came into being on March 5, 1950; the CISL, the second-largest by number of registered members…

Confcommercio

Background information The Italian General Confederation of Commerce (Confcommercio) originated in Rome on April 29, 1945. At its inception, it was conceived as an entity for connecting the various existing associations of merchants. It was composed of the new free (in the context of post-WWII and post-fascist Italy) Associations of Merchants: 24 provincial (7 Sicilian,…

Confindustria: Lobbies as an institution

Background information Confindustria, the association of Italy’s employers, is a prototype of Italy’s complex and highly institutionalized lobbying system whose roots date back to the pre-WWII era and which includes retailers associations Confcommercio and Conferesercenti, artisans’ Confartigianato and CNA, farmers’ Coldiretti and Confagricoltura, banks’ Abi and insurer companies’ Ania among others